The menisci are crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structures that fill the spaces between the articular surfaces of the leg bone (tibia) and the thigh bone (femur). There is a meniscus in the inner part (the medial meniscus) and one on the external of the knee (the lateral meniscus). They are important for the stability and functionality of the knee joint and also absorb shocks and reduce wear on the cartilage.
It is one of the most common knee injuries.
When torn, it can partially or totally lock the knee or simply manifest as pain in turning movements or positions with the joint very flexed. Younger people tend to suffer meniscus injury as the result of practicing sports. Older people often have tears due to wear.
It is very important to know how the injury affects daily activity, how much pain it generates and what the expectations are relative to the proposed treatment.
Although having a torn meniscus does not necessarily mean a surgical intervention, it may require different alternatives: